Type and Conditions of Employment

Employment in the Kingdom of Bahrain is divided into four main categories and is based on the executive regulations of the Civil Service Law number 48 for 2010.

The categories include permanent employment which entails an open-ended contract based on a full-time work schedule. The employee benefits include a monthly salary and other benefits based on the grade scale.
Moreover, the second type of employment is the temporary contract where an employee is hired based on a defined period, not exceeding one calendar year, renewable at the completion of the contract once approval is obtained from the Civil Service Bureau. The contract stipulates that employment status is similar to the full-time work schedule and benefits include salary and other allowances as specified by grade scale. In some cases, the employee can be paid in lump-sum salary based on a prior agreement between the employer (government entity) and employee. This process can only be implemented if it doesn’t affect the budget allocated for unforeseen circumstances such as emergency staff leaves, financial assistance for an urgent project or other expenses as approved by the Civil Service Bureau.

The above mentioned employment categories is restricted to Bahrainis and GCC nationals. Employment conditions include; vacant position included in the organizational chart with a set budget. The candidate must also pass an entry examination for the specified vacancy.

The third type of employment is a fixed-term contract; duration of the contract is based on a specific timeframe and schedule. Salary is based on an hourly, daily, weekly or monthly payment structure fee or paid in lump-sum based on prior agreement between the employer and employee.

The fixed-term employment is processed once the Civil Service Bureau approves the vacancy and includes it within the organizational chart of the department. The vacancy must also have its own specified budget. In some circumstance, for instance when the vacancy is not included within the organizational structure, the Civil Service Bureau may provide exceptions when deemed necessary.

It is also permitted to apply the over-time scheme if the employee is required to handle a certain task, after official working hours, and not within the job scope. Over-time can also be applied in cases of secondment to other government entities during special projects or event.

Fixed-term employment is a necessity for many government entities. The Civil Service Bureau specifies a pay scale for part-timers and also adjusts the remuneration based on expertise and talent required and in order to attract the right caliber of employees. The pay scale is also adjusted based on market demand and the annual budget allocated. Additionally, the working hours of a fixed-term contract can be based on various shifts including a regular or time-specific.

The fourth type category regulates the conditions for non-Bahraini employees. The contact is a fixed-term one based on a specified work schedule. The employee receives a monthly salary and other benefits as allocated for the allocated vacancy. In some cases, the employee can receive a lump-sum salary based on a prior agreement with the employer and the approval of the Civil Service Bureau. Furthermore, non-Bahrainis can only be hired once the recruitment process is completed for a Bahraini national. If a Bahraini national with the appropriate skill set is not available for the vacancy, the government entity can hire an expatriate. Also non-Bahraini are hired when a specialized skill or experience is required. The vacancy must also be approved and included in the organizational chart and a set budget allocated. The contract cannot exceed two year and can only be renewed upon the approval of the Civil Service Bureau.
The Civil Service Bureau regulates and oversees all public sector vacancies. The Bureau is required to announce vacancies, negotiate employment terms with candidates or international recruitment agencies and process offer letters in coordination with the concerned government authority. The Bureau also acts as an official sponsor for all non-Bahraini employees in relation to obtaining work and residency visa, transferring requests to the responsible government entity and processing family residency visa and visit visas requests. Visa applications will only be processed based on the approval of the Civil Service Bureau and in accordance with the laws and regulations of the Kingdom.